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Cover – Babulbaishya via Wikimedia Commons

Garampani Wildlife sanctuary is located at Karbi Anglong district in the Assam state of India. It draws people from all walks of life. But I am assuming that if you are reading this article you are probably a UPSC aspirant or a True wildlife lover. Who else will look for it on the internet? If you are here just because of the name Garampani, then you are at no fault. The Name is catchy indeed!

Establishment of Garampani Wildlife Sanctuary and the story behind the Name

The area was declared as a wildlife sanctuary in 2003. The Garampani wildlife sanctuary is small but full of life. It is spread on an area of 6.05 square km. It is one of the 18 and one of the oldest wildlife sanctuaries of Assam. It is located at the Karbi Anglong district neighboring Golaghat district in Assam. The sanctuary gets its name from the town of Garampani which is famous for hot water springs (Garampani in Hindi means “Hot water”). The hot springs and picturesque waterfalls add to the scenic beauty of the place.

The wildlife sanctuary is located 35 km from the Golaghat, and 330 km from the Guwahati. If you plan to visit the sanctuary then you can take a flight to Dimapur airport in Nagaland which is just 55 km away from the Sanctuary or Jorhat Airport which is also near about 85 km. You can also reach it via National highway 39 or via train as the Furkating rail junction is just 20 km from the sanctuary which is well connected to all the major routes in India.

Biodiversity at Garampani Wildlife Sanctuary

The climate of this region is moist tropical and the vegetation is tropical semi-evergreen which makes it rich in biodiversity. Despite its small size, it is full of rare and endangered flora and fauna. You can spot some rare birds as well as some exotic species of animals. Garampani Wildlife Sanctuary is famous for Hoolock Gibbon, Clouded leopard and tiger. It is home to a large number of beautiful species including reptiles like Python, Cobra, Monitor lizard etc. Some of the major mammalian and avian species in GWS are as tabulated below.

MammalsScientific Name
Clouded LeopardNeofelis nebulosa
TigerPanthera tigris
LeopardPanthera pardus
Leopard catPrionailurus bengalensis
Jungle catFelis chaus
Barking DeerMuntiacus
Sambar DeerRusa unicolor
Asian elephantElephas maximus
GaurBos gaurus
Hoolock GibbonHoolock hoolock
Capped LangurTrachypithecus pileatus
Slow LorisNycticebus
Pig Tailed MacaqueMacaca nemestrina
Rhesus MacaqueMacaca mulatta
Chinese PangolinManis pentadactyla
Indian foxVulpes bengalensis
Bird speciesScientific name
Green pigeonTreron
Kaleej PheasantLophura leucomelanos
Red jungle fowlGallus gallus
Hornbill (multiple species)Bucerotidae
Green Imperial PigeonDucula aenea
Racket- tailed DrongoDicrurus paradiseus
MynaAcridotheres tristis
Jungle MynaAcridotheres fuscus
Hill MynaGracula religiosa
Black hooded OrioleOriolus xanthornus
ParakeetMelopsittacus undulates
Brown Fish OwlBubo zeylonensis

What makes it a perfect Nature getaway? The places around it!

Nambor-Doigrung wildlife sanctuary is yet another sanctuary located in Karbi Anglong District of Assam. Declared on 27 July 2000, this sanctuary covers an area of 37 km square.  It is an added bonus to nature lovers. Located at 1.9 km from Garampani Wildlife Sanctuary via NH-129, you can drive down the road and can explore the sanctuary.

Since one place is never enough. You can also explore the attractions of Golaghat town, Neghereting Shiva temple, and Kaziranga National Park making full use of your weekend.


About Author

  • Ankit is an avid reader and a writer by interest who views life as a process of continues conquest. He is an environmental enthusiast and has a Master's degree in Environmental Studies.